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Update VAT in Oman: VAT implemented from April 16, 2021

VAT has now come into force in Oman, which started on the 16th of April, 2021. A five percent standard VAT rate applies on majority of goods.

Exempted items include the following:

  • Food items such as fresh eggs, poultry, fish, meat, milk, fruits and vegetables, olive oil, coffee and tea, bread, sugar, nutritional products for kids, slat, and bottled drinking water
  • Medical care
  • Education
  • Financial services

Zero-rated goods and services for the purpose of VAT in Oman as per the Royal Decree include:

  • Supply of products and services that are in suspended status from taxes or duties under GCC law on unified customs
  • Supply of land, sea, and air transportation for goods and passengers for commercial purposes
  • Export of products and services, and re-export of all temporary imported goods
  • Crude oil, natural gas, and oil derivatives
  • Supply of vessels or aircraft designated for the rescue and assistance in Oman by sea or air
  • Intra-GCC and international transportation of products, passengers, as well as related services
  • Investment platinum, gold, and silver
  • Medicines and all medical equipment

Note: mandatory registration for VAT in Oman applies to businesses with total supplies value exceeds OMR 38,500. Businesses in Oman can process voluntary VAT registration applications when total supplies value exceeds OMR 19,250. Both the mandatory and voluntary VAT thresholds are based on the annual sales of businesses for a rolling preceding twelve months. Non-resident businesses that are making taxable supplies within Oman are also mandated to register.

What is VAT?

Value-added tax (VAT) is added in every stage of the production of goods. The percentage of the VAT that is implemented in a country is added to the value of the said products. This increases a product’s cost. This is a commonly used tax system in the world with more than 100 countries using it.


The first country that has introduced the system of VAT in GCC was Saudi and the UAE followed suit. Both implemented the system last 1 January 2018 with 5% rate as what is agreed by the body. The other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are expected to do so as well soon.

There are also tax authorities like the one in the UAE that is Federal Tax Authority (FTA) that regulates and governs the whole tax system that is happening in the country.

This system is not taken lightly by this government department, and businesses are expected to cooperate as non-compliance can bring them huge repercussions. Some usual non-compliant acts include failing to do the following: register within the timeframe given, submit VAT return filing, pay on the required dates, depart from offenses like tax evasion, and keep records of their financial transactions as stipulated in their law, among many others.

Excise Tax in Oman

Just like the tax-pioneering GCC countries, Oman implements the Excise tax first before VAT. Excise tax in Oman is implemented this year. It is also believed that the same products that are targeted by Excise tax in the UAE will be the same targets in Oman as well (carbonated drinks, tobacco products, and energy drinks).

How is VAT in Oman Being Handled?

The VAT implementation in Oman was pushed to be implemented in 2019, with dates still not released to the public. There are still no known laws that are released by the Oman government with regard to the tax system. However, it is established that there is continuity in business even when the tax regime is applied to the whole nation.

Oman's government is making sure that they learn from the lessons that are being taught by the tax-pioneering GCC countries through the implementation of the VAT and how they have handled concerns from businessmen. VAT implementation in Oman can then be well-ran by their government adding their own way of managing things on top of their research and lessons learned.  In Oman VAT already implemented from April 16, 2021

Why Countries That Plan to Implement VAT Should Plan Better

It Might Cause a Descent in the Economy

Implementing the tax system is not a light factor. This should be prepared for. Mishandling can cause a downward shift in the economy. It might be a surprise for some, but a tax regime can affect a whole nation especially the business industry. Not having the proper preparation can have detrimental effects on the economy.

Therefore, all research that can possibly be done should be done so, and all measures should be taken to ensure that everyone who is going to be involved in the government is well trained and skilled to handle the new regime.

Businesses Might Be Affected Negatively

If not properly prepared, VAT can be a demise for many businesses. This is why business owners should also be as equipped and well-informed like the government. With this, fines can be avoided. Even if every country might have different ways of presenting the repercussions of non-compliance and have various amounts of fines for specific non-compliant acts, businessmen should be knowledgeable of smooth-sailing experience can be experienced by companies.

Harmful Effect on Vendor-Client Relationship

With businesses not knowing how to deal with day-to-day tax transactions, their decision-making will be affected that can also cause a domino effect resulting in damaging their relationship with their customers. This is why they should be prepared in a way that each confusing or unclear things with regard to the tax system should be clarified with the tax government right away to avoid any confusions on the side of the clients as well. Companies will do well as well if each aspect of their business is prepared, like computer applications, software, system, staff, etc.

Leading VAT Consultants in Oman

You are in need of experienced VAT consultants in Oman if you are to face the upcoming VAT in GCC. Farahat & Co. has 35 years of experience in many fields and can extend its help for your VAT registration in Oman.

Since we are knowledgeable about the tax system, we can provide you the information that you need. We can help you to be successful in compliance with your government’s rules. In the event that concerns and problems arise, we can give you the best solutions.

You can have a free consultation with us if you contact us now. You can speak with one of our consultants for our regulated tax agent in UAE.


Ervee is a CPA with international experience in Tax and Accounting. He has over 12 years of experience in accounting and bookkeeping and over a year in VAT implementation, registration, and accounting in UAE. He regularly drives out inefficiencies in company operations and loves the challenge of helping clients find additional ways for an easier and improved compliance and verification of transactions.